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#74365 - 01/04/11 09:06 AM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: AndyBarney]
AndyBarney Offline

Registered: 06/14/06
Posts: 1785
Geneticism and Good Morals in Coaching

I'm not in favor of "Geneticism" as applied to children in any developmental situation. Many coaches cut the genetically less gifted. High schools reject many children from math competition, sporting contests etc, all because their genetic code did not endow such children with the requisite mental or physical attributes. If we support this type of discrimination we might as well return to the ugly days when racism and sexism were rife in America.

Most people never question the unfair bias towards the genetically elite that our societal culture promotes. Tragically its sporting victims are the short, slow chubby, less intelligent, (etc), children who would most benefit from positive involvement with sports. These children would love to compete at their own level in math and sports contests but our rotten sports system discourages and de-motivates them every step of the way.

Isn't this akin to judging someone by the color of their skin or sex? Isn't this worse because it is child discrimination?

This topic is incredibly controversial because the society has put the adult sporting win on a pedestal and wrongly used it as the model for child sports. It would be so easy to walk away from this fight. But would it be the right thing to do? Let’s face the facts! A portion of what most sports coaches do is actually harmful to the mental heath of children. One example is unequal playing time where the coach is overtly telling those who play less that they are not good enough. This can only destroy self-concept...the foundation of future confidence and positive character.

For example as a younger soccer coach I restricted players to two touches and wouldn't let them dribble. After taking a good hard look at myself I realized that this approach destroyed creativity and courageous play. It also undermined child self-concept and any chance of developing brave, creative, leaders.

If we don't speak up against traditional coaching methods e.g. unequal playing time, and the other things coaches do that restrict growth, we’re sanctioning adult actions that will eventually destroy most children's desire to participate. If we don't speak out vehemently against coaches using children to get a statistical result, at the cost of their opportunity to maximize growth physically and mentally, we fail to do the right thing and betray children who deserve better! Our goal should be a fair and maximizing sports experience for every child. The goal is to change the landscape of youth sports so that every child wants to participate, and every child is able to optimize their brave, creative, leadership potential. We can't tone down our rhetoric and hope to achieve that goal. There’s no way to be nice about the nasty things some coaches do to children in their quest to win!

However, speaking out against the abuse is only a part of the solution. We have to offer a better alternative. This is what we do with the Legends. The very existence of the Legends club and coaching method brings the ethics and morality of other coaches into question, but also offers a spectacular alternative. There are many coaches who coach to win as opposed to coaching for maximum child development. However, they aren’t getting away with their transgressions like they used to. Because we espouse something better and different for children a percentage of the opposition sees us as a threat. This either forces the coach to do the right thing or face constant disruption from within their team ranks. What we teach and publicize encourages a greater number of intelligent and enlightened parents to question their coach’s methods. For players and parents with coaches who refuse to change their negative traditional methods we offer a wonderful alternative.

Our club coaches are incredible people. To coach in the Legends club they have to adopt a different and better method of teaching. Inevitably this exposes them to public criticism and ridicule. As a consequence Legends coaches have to be incredibly purist and very strong. Because we pose a threat to the status quo there are opposing coaches, parents who want to bring the Legends down; to prove us wrong. Such people use their team’s statistical wins as their justification. To them it doesn’t matter how the win is achieved, because in their mind the win is proof of immediate superiority. To them it matters not that their child has been told to do many things that destroy long term skill, tactical versatility and potential, as long as they win.

Our club has worked hard to eliminate the selfishness and ego based need to win that permeates coaching. From now on it is our obligation and mission to fight the wrong methods that most coaches blindly adopt and reinforce when coaching.

We challenge all coaches and parents to demand quick and positive change. If we dance around the hard issues, change will be slower, and optimum child development will continue to be sacrificed by adults who haven't considered the full implication of their ego driven actions.

Happy New Year!

smile Andy

#74378 - 01/04/11 05:16 PM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: AndyBarney]
AndyBarney Offline

Registered: 06/14/06
Posts: 1785
What's in a Name?

Quite a lot actually!!

Imagine you are a child age 4 to 11. You are intrigued by heroes. You weave fantasies about your superhuman powers. To you anything is possible. What one word sums up your developing goals and dreams? What one vision of yourself will motivate you to do your best? What one name is most likely to help you maximize your potential?

These are the questions I wrestled with when choosing the club name 21 years ago.

When, after scouring the Thesaurus for options, I finally picked the word "Legends", I chose it to motivate children to play unique and memorable deceptive dribbling and goal scoring soccer. The word was chosen to provide one more sizable brick in the wall of self-concept. "Legends" was picked as the word most likely to help every child in the Legends family see themselves as a brave, creative leader for life. Soccer and the Legends are vehicles for changing every child's self-perception in incredibly positive ways.

Imagine you are a child who has just joined our club. You are now a "Legend"!! You must attempt amazing things and work hard to live up to that title. Synonyms for "Legend" include celebrity, big name, icon, personality, prodigy, superstar.

The Pygmalion effect, or Rosenthal effect, refers to the phenomenon in which the greater the expectation placed upon people, often children or students and employees, the better they perform. The effect is named after Pygmalion a Cypriot sculptor in a narrative by Ovid in Greek mythology, who fell in love with a female statue he had carved out of ivory.

The Pygmalion effect is a form of self-fulfilling prophecy, and, in this respect, people with poor expectations internalize their negative label, and those with positive labels succeed accordingly. Within sociology, the effect is often cited with regards to education and social class.

The motivational, spiritual and educational benefits of choosing "Legends" as the name for our players to live up to are innumerable.

All aspects of what we, in the Legends club do, have been chosen with great depth of study and testing. All the unique and different ways in which we teach life through soccer are designed to give your child the "Margin of Soccer Greatness" or a “Legendary” character.

This "cutting edge" name and method is proven to carry over into adulthood. In “The Secret” by Rhonda Byrne it is shown how what we visualize and believe will happen, positive or negative, often happens. The Legends name helps kids see what they are going to become. The Legends teaching approach is guaranteed to help children develop "The Margin of Life Greatness"!!

Happy New Year!

smile Andy

Edited by AndyBarney (01/04/11 05:39 PM)

#74390 - 01/05/11 11:02 AM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: AndyBarney]
AndyBarney Offline

Registered: 06/14/06
Posts: 1785
We Have a Big Problem Here!
Sound Familiar?

Traditional soccer coaches see youth soccer immediately and narrowly. It’s in their DNA. Coaches brought up in the universe of outcomes; the world where winning is prized above most everything else, see what is currently here and arrange it. They see what the game is now, not what it can eventually be. Instead of beautiful potential they see the ugly reality and slap some paint on it. When you see what the game is, it’s depressing. Who likes to think of an excited child as a pawn in an adult scheme for ego gratification? Most coaches grew up playing the ugly version of soccer, not the “beautiful game”. Life is like that! There were hundreds of bricklayers involved in the construction of the Sistine Chapel but only one Michelangelo. It doesn’t have to be this way! Most coaches see the game in terms of immediate appearance. They see the game at a surface level, but don’t really think about it; don’t really see what amazing potential it has to shape a myriad of positive character traits when approached more intelligently.

When I started coaching 36 years ago this difference; i.e. between the traditional approach and mine, seemed relatively minor. As my study and experience deepened the gap grew…and grew…and grew, until I felt the obligation to experiment with change; I had to try things that seemed to make more sense for children. Some things you miss because they are so tiny you look right past them. However, some things you don’t really look at because they’re so gigantic. You see the hawk in the sky but don’t see the sky. I and other coaches were looking at, seeing, talking and thinking about the same things; except we began to look, see, talk and think from a completely different viewpoint. Now we see things from a completely different paradigm.

Most traditional coaches care about the kids. It’s just that in traditional coaching too much damaging hunter, warrior, gatherer behavior has seeped deep into our sports culture, and made it ugly. The traditional Gladiator, death or glory, them or us, mode fails to recognize that there is an abundance of opportunity, plenty enough for every child to optimize their character. This feeling that, someone has to lose for us to win, causes otherwise good people to do damaging things to children. Coaches and parents in this mode find it awfully annoying to hear about the Legend’s “brave, creative leadership” approach. To them it’s fantasy, or at best futuristic physiology and psychology, it isn’t really here, it’s a million miles away. Plus, it has no relevance to winning the next game. To the traditional coach here and now is what it’s all about. He’s in a different dimension; one that has been passed down from killing the Wooly Mammoth. The hunt has to result in an immediate kill or it’s failed. This is the national sporting outlook. The weak are sacrificed for the strong. Kids who can’t help the team win quickly are sacrificed for those who can, regardless of long-term individual potential and consequences.

It’s becoming apparent that the Legends approach is a new dimension; that it isn’t a fad that’s going away next year or the year after. The Legends method is here to stay because it’s a very serious, important and better way of looking at things. It is incompatible with traditional “Naked Ape” coaching methods, but vastly better for all children. In the prism of tradition the Legends way looks incompatible with our sports culture but it’s actually the first wave of a more intelligent future that will make sport much more enjoyable for all children, and a greater positive part of the cooperative human experience.

What we are experiencing is a conflict between visions of reality. Society as you view it in the current moment is reality, regardless of what the scientists say. However, the world is constantly changed by progress; now faster than ever before. Many recent scientific and philosophical discoveries are quickly becoming new realities and leading to positive change. If he/she is going to be able to succeed in the new reality, your child will need to be a brave, creative leader and see change as a friend not enemy. In order to develop these very desirable character attributes traditional coaches are going to have to do more than just ignore the Legends method of developing great players and wonderful character. As it becomes more and more obvious that their players lack the skills and tactical speed with the ball to take charge of the game and lead, the players, and their parents, will expect them to change for the better. It is the customer that determines the quality of the service. Whether the coach is a volunteer or a professional, the parent is the customer and better educated than ever before.

The Legends method challenges the status quo and comfortable conformity. Many coaches, parents and players who are doing ok in their comfort zone resent the rule breaker. The Legends will encourage your child to adopt an “If it isn’t broken, break it!” mentality. We’ll ask your child to constantly attempt what he/she can’t do to learn, instead of what they already know to win. This approach blows a hole through the limited vision and rote learning efforts of comfort zone coaching to win. Traditionalists struggle with this because our “risk now, reward later” Legends method threatens their self-serving, win now, immediate gratification sporting mentality and life style.

What you have here are two contrarian sporting realities. The traditional one follows historical brainwashing and believes it has been done one way for so long that only a nut would seek to change it (That’s me!). The other reality is that modern society is changing faster than ever before. As we better understand the psychology of leadership character, and its crucial importance in the modern world, we can clearly see the importance of training leaders who are capable of adapting to ever changing rules and chaotic modern reality. These contrarian sporting and life realities don’t match and don’t fit. Tradition usually fights against innovation. However, it is the creator that stimulates all growth and progress. The unique Legends method focuses on the process; the traditional on the outcome; the Legends on deceptive dribbling, goal scoring and brave, creative leadership; the traditional on giving away the ball and responsibility quickly. I could go on.

Happy New Year

smile Andy

#74391 - 01/05/11 11:32 AM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: AndyBarney]
NikeBlue Offline

Registered: 04/04/06
Posts: 87
Loc: Olathe
Admit it: Sometimes you wonder if your content is really any good? Sure, you worked hard to write it, but you’re a business owner, not a professional writer. Are readers connecting with it? Do they understand what you’re trying to say? Is there an easy way for you to tighten things up and improve upon what’s already there?

What are you hoping your content will accomplish? Is the purpose of your posts to explain how something works, put a customer on a determined conversion path, build brand trust?? Not a chance!!

Decide on a hook: Every piece of content you write should have a hook. You don’t have it?

Before you put fingers to keyboard, get in the mindset of your audience because your content is for us?. If you’re attempting to explain something, talk about it from our point of view. How deeply would they need something broken down? Which terms would we use? Where might we get confused? Put yourself in the place of your customers and write like we would. Don’t use your view of the world, it’s tainted with jargon!!

The more irrelevant information you include, the further you take people away from your goal and the more you confuse them along the way.

Short sentences are easier for writers to get out. They’re also easier for readers to take in. Stick with them and stop confusing people with overly complicated writing.

You might be arrogant but you are also very persistant so i thought i'd try to help you so some will read your posts.

Good luck!!

#74397 - 01/05/11 01:35 PM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: NikeBlue]
AndyBarney Offline

Registered: 06/14/06
Posts: 1785
Hi NikeBlue

I found the whole article here:

Link to article on writing

Thanks for thinking of me.

Happy New Year!

smile Andy

#74398 - 01/05/11 01:51 PM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: AndyBarney]
freekick Offline

Registered: 04/02/08
Posts: 442
Hey Nike - Guess Andy wanted to coyly point out your plagarism but yet he never admits to his company's own (ref: Legend's cut/paste of Simply Soccer webpage).

#74402 - 01/05/11 07:46 PM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: freekick]
Red Devil Offline

Registered: 01/23/06
Posts: 64
Loc: Kansas City, MO

NikE has a point, will you take the advice, you may sell your 3rd book!

#74406 - 01/06/11 10:26 AM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: Red Devil]
AndyBarney Offline

Registered: 06/14/06
Posts: 1785
Getting Players and Parents to “Buy In”

Optimal Individual and Team Meaning

You can have the best developmental philosophy in the world but if your children don’t buy in you’re wasting much of your time. To get your child to commit, what you ask them to do must be creative and meaningful from two paradoxical viewpoints; a) individual and b) team.

The percentage of developmental focus on the individual or team has to be carefully balanced at all stages of life. To prepare your child for the most meaningful team interaction the initial focus must be completely individual. As your child gradually embraces and masters creative uniqueness and essential individual life skills, the emphasis gradually changes to team empathy and leadership.

It is impossible to explore individual and team creativity without examining the issue of meaning. The majority of people want their life to have meaning, and to make a difference. If over a career one spends 100,000 hours at work it makes sense to want to “make a difference”.

Maslow states, “An easy medicine for self-esteem: Become a part of something important. Identify with important causes or jobs. Take them into the self thereby enlarging the self and making it important, this is a way of overcoming actual human shortcomings e.g. IQ, talent, abilities etc.”
When we look at the core of meaningful participation your child must first experience measurable individual and personal growth. This type of growth relies on the process of moving beyond current ability to build new skill. Courage is essential to this process. True courage is a commitment to what needs to be done to learn new things, irrespective of the cost or risk to previous knowledge. Deciding to have meaningful participation in all areas of our lives tests our courage because we often have to reject the past to welcome the present; or abandon the familiar for the new.

“This is the true joy in life, the being used for a purpose recognized by yourself as a mighty one; the being thoroughly worn out before you are thrown on the scrap heap; the being a force on Nature instead of a feverish selfish little clod of ailments and grievances complaining that the world will not devote itself to making you happy.”
George Bernard Shaw from Man and Superman, Epistle Dedicatory

“True courage is never a calculation of risk – it is a commitment to what needs to be done irrespective of the cost of risk. Deciding to have meaningful participation in life will eventually test our courage. A famous bullfighter was once asked to define courage. He said, to step into a ring when you are not afraid is nothing. To not step into a ring when you are afraid is also nothing. To step into the ring when you are afraid, now that is something.”
Stephen Joyce from Teaching an Anthill to Fetch

Often the most fear is associated with doing the right thing and tests our dedication to the most meaningful path.

“To live a creative life, we must lose our fear of being wrong.”
Joseph Chilton Pearce

Creativity is the other main component of meaning. It is vitally important to children. Creativity improves your child’s self-esteem, motivation and achievement. If you encourage your child to think and act creatively and independently, your child will try new things. He/she will be more willing to open up to new ideas and work with others to explore novelty. Creativity motivates children to do extra work at home. For example, creative soccer players conquer new moves and build elite skills inside and outside of team practices and games. As a result, your child’s pace of learning, growth and self-esteem will increase. As you encourage creativity your child will become more talented and confident. Confident children welcome new challenges. They develop good instincts and unique abilities. Confidence fosters a positive attitude toward problem solving. This allows your child to enjoy more of life’s experiences. To optimize their potential children need meaningful learning environments and philosophies. They need to feel that they make a difference. When your child knows he/she makes a real contribution in important ways it will nurture and stimulate his/her creativity. If you involve your child in creative activities you bestow a gift that money can’t buy. Better still, if these activities combine creativity and fun with manageable challenge and stress, (as in Legends soccer), you will nurture self-esteem and creativity, while also cementing the foundation of a strong character.

The creator of the Stanford Business School course on creativity, Michael Pay, shares three theories about creativity with his students: “Creativity “is essential for health, happiness and success in all areas of life, including business. Creativity is within everyone. Although it is in everyone it is covered over by the voice of judgment.”

Individual creativity is important. Just as one cannot build a resilient team out of non-resilient individuals, one cannot make a creative team out of non-creative individuals. By more fully expressing their adaptability and flexibility, two of the most important aspects of creativity, team members are able to operate more creatively together.

Unfortunately, “creativity killers” are commonplace in sports, schools and homes. Avoid environments and people who micromanage and control your child. Control freaks will teach your child that originality is a mistake, that exploration a waste of time. Mentors like this hover and order children around. This causes your child to hide or suppress creativity and risk taking. Also steer away from adults who focus on the win, (outcome), versus moments of deep focus, (process). Another to avoid is the “my way or the highway” guy. Anyone that allows only rigid pre-defined actions limits your child’s curiosity and creative passion. Lastly, get away from the person who pressures your child to do things that are way above their current level of ability. Unrealistic expectations can instill negative feelings for the subject or activity.

What you should first do is pick a mentor who strengthens your child’s creative and courageous habits. Pick a person who relaxes the controls; when allowed creative license children embrace spontaneity, generate self-confidence and build the will to experiment. These are essential to the creative spirit. Second, choose a mentor that shows appreciation for your child's efforts. Third, find one that allows your child to accomplish tasks without help, one that encourages new, innovative, and original perspectives. Pick a teacher who provides a creative aura. For example, pick a soccer coach that encourages your child to pretend to be one of his/her superstar heroes. Your child should have fun emulating great players. Find an environment that promotes maximum creative performance; one that encourages creative problem solving in a variety of ways. Find a teacher who encourages children to embrace alternatives, experiment and constantly re-assess and adapt based on each new experience.

“Flexibility and adaptability do not happen just by reacting fast to new information. They arise from mental and emotional balance, the lack of attachment to specific outcomes, and putting care for self and others as a prime operating principle. Flexible attitudes build flexible physiology. Flexible physiology means more resilience in times of challenge or strain. Staying open – emotionally insures internal flexibility.”Doc Childre and Bruce Cryer, from Chaos to Coherence

The “Legends for Life” program has a proven track record of developing phenomenal courage. To do so we emphasize and teach elite individual deceptive dribbling and goal scoring skills. In doing so it will challenge your child to combine courage and creativity in ways that can’t happen when the focus is on team interaction and winning. As your child learns to perform the most difficult and creative soccer skills under pressure, he/she becomes capable of team interaction and leadership on a completely different level compared to players without the individual brilliance, self-concept and problem solving ability of a Legends trained player. While players from traditional programs, with limited skills and confidence, struggle to step up to the next level, the Legends trained player welcomes the challenge with total belief that it can be beaten.

More importantly, this great strength of character and self-concept carries over into life where Legends trained players are better prepared to embrace new situations, tests and changes that determine life long fulfillment.

“To an ordinary man everything is either a curse or a blessing, but to a Man of Knowledge everything is a challenge and an opportunity.”Teachings of Don Juan

Edited by AndyBarney (01/06/11 10:28 AM)

#74407 - 01/06/11 10:39 AM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: AndyBarney]
Fred Offline

Registered: 11/10/09
Posts: 111
Troll (Internet)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
"Do not feed the trolls" and its abbreviation "DNFTT" redirect here. For the Wikimedia essay, see "What is a troll?".

In Internet slang, a troll is someone who posts inflammatory, extraneous, or off-topic messages in an online community, such as an online discussion forum, chat room, or blog, with the primary intent of provoking other users into a desired emotional response[1] or of otherwise disrupting normal on-topic discussion.[2] In addition to the offending poster, the noun troll can also refer to the provocative message itself, as in "that was an excellent troll you posted". While the term troll and its associated action trolling are primarily associated with Internet discourse, media attention in recent years has made such labels highly subjective, with trolling being used to describe intentionally provocative actions outside of an online context. For example, recent media accounts have used the term troll to describe "a person who defaces internet tribute sites with the aim of causing grief to families."[3][4]
• 1 Etymology
o 1.1 Early history
o 1.2 In other languages
• 2 Trolling, identity, and anonymity
• 3 Concern troll
• 4 Troll sites
• 5 Media coverage and controversy
• 6 Usage
• 7 Examples of trolling
• 8 See also
• 9 References
• 10 External links
o 10.1 Troll FAQs


Artist's conception of trolling for tuna.
The verb troll originates from Old French troller, a hunting term. The noun troll, however, comes from the Old Norse word for a mythological monster.[5]
In modern English usage, the verb form of troll refers to a fishing technique of slowly dragging a lure or baited hook from a moving boat, waiting for fish to strike.[6] The word also evokes the trolls portrayed in Scandinavian folklore and children's tales, where they are often creatures bent on mischief and wickedness.
The contemporary use of the term is alleged to have first appeared on the Internet in the late 1980s,[7] but the earliest known example is from 1992.[8] Early non-internet related use of trolling for actions deliberately performed to provoke a reaction can be found in the military; by 1972 the term trolling for MiGs was documented in use by US Navy pilots in Vietnam.[9]
Early history
The most likely derivation of the word troll can be found in the phrase "trolling for newbies", popularized in the early 1990s in the Usenet group, alt.folklore.urban (AFU).[10][11] Commonly, what is meant is a relatively gentle inside joke by veteran users, presenting questions or topics that had been so overdone that only a new user would respond to them earnestly. For example, a veteran of the group might make a post on the common misconception that glass flows over time. Long-time readers would both recognize the poster's name and know that the topic had been discussed a lot, but new subscribers to the group would not realize, and would thus respond. These types of trolls served as a practice to identify group insiders. This definition of trolling, considerably narrower than the modern understanding of the term, was considered a positive contribution.[10][12] One of the most notorious AFU trollers, Snopes,[10] went on to create his eponymous urban folklore website.
By the late 1990s, alt.folklore.urban had such heavy traffic and participation that trolling of this sort was frowned upon. Others expanded the term to include the practice of playing a seriously misinformed or deluded user, even in newsgroups where one was not a regular; these were often attempts at humor rather than provocation. In such contexts, the noun troll usually referred to an act of trolling, rather than to the author.
In other languages
In Japanese, arashi (&#12354;&#12425;&#12375;) means "laying waste" and can also be used to refer to simple spamming.[citation needed]
In Korean, nak-si (&#45210;&#49884;) means "fishing", and is used to refer to Internet trolling attempts, as well as purposefully misleading post titles. A person who recognizes the troll after having responded (or, in case of a post title nak-si, having read the actual post) would often refer to himself as a caught fish.[citation needed]
In Thai, the term "krean" (&#3648;&#3585;&#3619;&#3637;&#3618;&#3609;) has been adopted to address Internet trolls. The term literally refers to a closely cropped hairstyle worn by most school boys in Thailand, thus equating Internet trolls to school boys. The term "tob krean" (&#3605;&#3610;&#3648;&#3585;&#3619;&#3637;&#3618;&#3609;), or slapping a cropped head, refers to the act of posting intellectual replies to refute and cause the messages of Internet trolls to be unintelligent.[citation needed]
Trolling, identity, and anonymity
In academic literature, the practice of trolling was first documented by Judith Donath (1999). Donath's paper outlines the ambiguity of identity in a disembodied "virtual community" such as Usenet:
“ In the physical world there is an inherent unity to the self, for the body provides a compelling and convenient definition of identity. The norm is: one body, one identity ... The virtual world is different. It is composed of information rather than matter.[13]

Donath provides a concise overview of identity deception games which trade on the confusion between physical and epistemic community:
“ Trolling is a game about identity deception, albeit one that is played without the consent of most of the players. The troll attempts to pass as a legitimate participant, sharing the group's common interests and concerns; the newsgroups members, if they are cognizant of trolls and other identity deceptions, attempt to both distinguish real from trolling postings, and upon judging a poster a troll, make the offending poster leave the group. Their success at the former depends on how well they — and the troll — understand identity cues; their success at the latter depends on whether the troll's enjoyment is sufficiently diminished or outweighed by the costs imposed by the group.
Trolls can be costly in several ways. A troll can disrupt the discussion on a newsgroup, disseminate bad advice, and damage the feeling of trust in the newsgroup community. Furthermore, in a group that has become sensitized to trolling — where the rate of deception is high — many honestly naïve questions may be quickly rejected as trollings. This can be quite off-putting to the new user who upon venturing a first posting is immediately bombarded with angry accusations. Even if the accusation is unfounded, being branded a troll is quite damaging to one's online reputation.[13]

Susan Herring et al. in "Searching for Safety Online: Managing 'Trolling' in a Feminist Forum" point out the difficulty inherent in monitoring trolling and maintaining freedom of speech in online communities: "harassment often arises in spaces known for their freedom, lack of censure, and experimental nature".[14] The broadly accepted ethic of free speech may lead to tolerance of trolling behavior, further complicating the members' efforts to maintain an open yet supportive discussion area, especially for sensitive topics such as race, gender, sexuality, etc.[14]
In an effort to reduce uncivil behavior by increasing accountability, many web sites (e.g. Reuters, Facebook, and Gizmodo) now require commenters to register their names and e-mail addresses.[15]
Concern troll
A concern troll is a false flag pseudonym created by a user whose actual point of view is opposed to the one that the user claims to hold. The concern troll posts in web forums devoted to its declared point of view and attempts to sway the group's actions or opinions while claiming to share their goals, but with professed "concerns". The goal is to sow fear, uncertainty and doubt within the group.[16]
An example of this occurred in 2006 when Tad Furtado, a top staffer for then-Congressman Charles Bass (R-NH), was caught posing as a "concerned" supporter of Bass's opponent, Democrat Paul Hodes, on several liberal New Hampshire blogs, using the pseudonyms "IndieNH" or "IndyNH". "IndyNH" expressed concern that Democrats might just be wasting their time or money on Hodes, because Bass was unbeatable.[17][18]
Although the term "concern troll" originated in discussions of online behavior, it now sees increasing use to describe similar behaviors that take place offline.
For example, James Wolcott of Vanity Fair accused a conservative New York Daily News columnist of "concern troll" behavior in his efforts to downplay the Mark Foley scandal. Wolcott links what he calls concern trolls to Saul Alinsky's "Do-Nothings", giving a long quote from Alinsky on the Do-Nothings' method and effects:
“ These Do-Nothings profess a commitment to social change for ideals of justice, equality, and opportunity, and then abstain from and discourage all effective action for change. They are known by their brand, 'I agree with your ends but not your means.'[19]

In a more recent example, The Hill published an op-ed piece by Markos Moulitsas of the liberal blog Daily Kos titled "Dems: Ignore 'Concern Trolls' ". Again, the concern trolls in question were not Internet participants; they were Republicans offering public advice and warnings to the Democrats. The author defines "concern trolling" as "offering a poisoned apple in the form of advice to political opponents that, if taken, would harm the recipient".[20]
Troll sites
While many webmasters and forum administrators consider trolls to be a scourge on their sites, some websites welcome them. For example, a New York Times article discussed troll activity at 4chan and at Encyclopedia Dramatica, which it described as "an online compendium of troll humor and troll lore".[7] This site and others are often used as a base to troll against sites that their members can not normally post on. These trolls feed off the reactions of their victims because "their agenda is to take delight in causing trouble".[21]
Media coverage and controversy
Mainstream media outlets have focused their attention on the willingness of some Internet trolls to go to extreme lengths in their attempts at eliciting reactions.
On March 31, 2010, the Today Show ran a segment detailing the deaths of three separate adolescent girls and trolls’ subsequent reactions to their deaths. Shortly after the suicide of high school student Alexis Pilkington, anonymous posters began trolling for reactions across various message boards, referring to Pilkington as a “suicidal slut,” and posting graphic images on her Facebook memorial page. The segment also included an expose of a 2006 accident, in which an eighteen-year old fatally crashed her father’s car into a highway pylon; trolls emailed her grieving family the leaked pictures of her mutilated corpse.[4]
In February 2010, the Australian government became involved after trolls defaced the Facebook tribute pages of murdered children Trinity Bates and Elliot Fletcher. Australian communications minister Stephen Conroy decried the attacks, committed mainly by 4chan users, as evidence of the need for greater Internet regulation, stating, “This argument that the Internet is some mystical creation that no laws should apply to, that is a recipe for anarchy and the wild west.”[22] Conroy has been noted in the past for his advocacy of Internet censorship. In the wake of these events, Facebook responded by strongly urging administrators to be aware of ways to ban users and remove inappropriate content from Facebook pages.[23]
Application of the term troll is highly subjective. Some readers may characterize a post as trolling, while others may regard the same post as a legitimate contribution to the discussion, even if controversial. The term is often used as an ad hominem strategy to discredit an opposing position by attacking its proponent.
Often, calling someone a troll makes assumptions about a writer's motives. Regardless of the circumstances, controversial posts may attract a particularly strong response from those unfamiliar with the robust dialogue found in some online, rather than physical, communities. Experienced participants in online forums know that the most effective way to discourage a troll is usually to ignore them, because responding tends to encourage trolls to continue disruptive posts — hence the often-seen warning: "Please do not feed the trolls".
Examples of trolling
So-called Gold Membership trolling originated in 2007 on several 4chan boards, with some users posting fake images claiming to offer upgraded 4chan account privileges; without a “Gold” account, one could not view certain content. This turned out to be a hoax designed to fool board members, especially newcomers. It was quickly copied and became an Internet meme. In some cases, this type of troll has been used as a scam, most notably on Facebook, where fake Facebook Gold Account upgrade ads have proliferated in order to link users to dubious websites and other content.[24]
As reported on April 8, 1999, investors became victims of trolling via an online financial discussion regarding PairGain, a telephone equipment company based in California. Trolls operating in the stock’s Yahoo Finance chat room posted a fabricated Bloomberg News article stating that an Israeli telecom company could potentially acquire PairGain. As a result, PairGain’s stock jumped by 31%. However, the stock promptly crashed after the reports were identified as false.[25]
The case of Zeran v. America Online, Inc. resulted primarily from trolling. Six days after the Oklahoma City bombing, anonymous users posted advertisements for shirts celebrating the bombing on AOL message boards, claiming that the shirts could be obtained by contacting Mr. Kenneth Zeran. The posts listed Zeran’s address and home phone number. Zeran was subsequently harassed.[25]
Anti-Scientology protests by Anonymous, commonly known as Project Chanology, are sometimes labeled as "trolling" by media outlets such as Wired,[26] and the participants sometimes explicitly self-identify as "trolls".
See also

Internet portal

• Anonymous (group)
• Astroturfing
• Anti-social behaviour
• Blogger's Code of Conduct
• Breaching experiment
• Cyber-bullying
• Gadfly (social)
• Griefer
• Heckler
• Hit-and-run posting
• Lurker
• Ostracism
• Patent troll
• Sockpuppet (Internet)
1. ^ "Definition of: trolling". PCMAG.COM. Ziff Davis Publishing Holdings Inc. 2009. http://www.pcmag.com/encyclopedia_term/0,2542,t=trolling&i=53181,00.asp#. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
2. ^ Indiana University: University Information Technology Services (2008-05-05). "What is a troll?". Indiana University Knowledge Base. The Trustees of Indiana University. http://kb.iu.edu/data/afhc.html. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
3. ^ "Police charge alleged creator of Facebook hate page aimed at murder victim". The Courier Mail (Australia). 2010-07-22. http://www.couriermail.com.au/news/queen...-1225895789100. Retrieved 2010-07-27.
4. ^ a b "Trolling: The Today Show Explores the Dark Side of the Internet", 31 March 2010. Retrieved on 4 April 2010.
5. ^ Harper, Douglas. "troll". Online Etymology Dictionary. http://www.etymonline.com/index.php?term=troll. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
6. ^ "troll". Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary. 2010. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/troll. Retrieved 7 January 2010.
7. ^ a b Schwartz, Mattathias (2008-08-03). "The Trolls Among Us". The New York Times: pp. MM24. http://www.nytimes.com/2008/08/03/magazine/03trolls-t.html. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
8. ^ troll, n.1. Oxford University Press. 2006. http://dictionary.oed.com/cgi/entry/5025...ilite=50258589. Retrieved 1 March 2010. OED gives an example from alt.folklore.urban (Usenet newsgroup), 14 December 1992
9. ^ John Saar (February 4, 1972). "Carrier War". Life. http://books.google.com/books?id=EkAEAAAAMBAJ&pg=PA28.
10. ^ a b c Tepper, Michele (1997). "Usenet Communities and the Cultural Politics of Information". In Porter, David. Internet culture. New York, New York, United States: Routledge Inc. p. 48. ISBN 9780415916837. http://books.google.com/?id=5d2stzIbkqMC. Retrieved 2009-03-24. "... the two most notorious trollers in AFU, Ted Frank and Snopes, are also two of the most consistent posters of serious research."
11. ^ Miller, Mark S. (1990-02-08). "FOADTAD". alt.flame. (Web link). Retrieved on 2009-06-02. "Just go die in your sleep you mindless flatulent troll."
12. ^ Zotti, Ed; et al. (2000-04-14). "What is a troll?". The Straight Dope. http://www.straightdope.com/columns/read/1764/what-is-a-troll. Retrieved 2009-03-24. "To be fair, not all trolls are slimeballs. On some message boards, veteran posters with a mischievous bent occasionally go 'newbie trolling.'"
13. ^ a b Donath, Judith S. (1999). "Identity and deception in the virtual community". In Smith, Marc A.; Kollock, Peter. Communities in Cyberspace (illustrated, reprint ed.). Routledge. pp. 29–59. ISBN 9780415191401. http://books.google.com/?id=210IkjyN8gEC. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
14. ^ a b Herring, Susan; Job-Sluder, Kirk; Scheckler, Rebecca; Barab, Sasha (2002). "Searching for Safety Online: Managing "Trolling" in a Feminist Forum". Center for Social Informatics — Indiana University. http://rkcsi.indiana.edu/archive/CSI/WP/WP02-03B.html. Retrieved 2009-03-29.
15. ^ J. Zhao, Where Anonymity Breeds Contempt, NY Times, 29 Nov 2010.
16. ^ Cox, Ana Marie (2006-12-16). "Making Mischief on the Web". TIME. http://www.time.com/time/magazine/article/0,9171,1570701,00.html. Retrieved 2009-03-24.
17. ^ Saunders, Anne (2006-09-27). "Bass aide resigns for fake website postings". Associated Press. http://www.concordmonitor.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20060927/REPOSITORY/609270353. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
18. ^ "Bass Aide Resigns After Posing As Democrat On Blogs". 2006-09-26. http://www.wmur.com/politics/9936715/detail.html. Retrieved 2010-02-05.
19. ^ Wolcott, James (2006-10-06). "Political Pieties from a Post-Natal Drip". James Wolcott's Blog — Vanity Fair. Condé Nast. http://www.vanityfair.com/online/wolcott/2006/10/political_pieti.html. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
20. ^ Moulitsas, Markos (2008-01-09). "Dems: Ignore 'concern trolls'". TheHill.com. Capitol Hill Publishing Corp. http://thehill.com/opinion/columnists/markos-moulitas/24407-dems-ignore-concern-trolls. Retrieved 2009-03-25.
21. ^ "How to be a Great Internet Troll". Fox Sports. http://community.foxsports.com/dwilliams/blog/2007/10/25/how_to_be_a_great_internet_troll. Retrieved 2009-12-13.
22. ^ "Internet without laws a 'recipe for anarchy', 1 April 2010. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
23. ^ "Facebook takes (small) step against tribute page trolls", TG Daily, 30 March 2010. Retrieved 5 April 2010.
24. ^ "All that glisters is not (Facebook) gold", CounterMeasures: Security, Privacy & Trust (A TrendMicro Blog). Retrieved 6 April 2010.
25. ^ a b Bond, Robert (1999). "Links, Frames, Meta-tags and Trolls". International Review of Law, Computers & Technology 13: pp. 317–323.
26. ^ Dibbell, Julian (September 21, 2009). "The Assclown Offensive: How to Enrage the Church of Scientology". Wired. http://www.wired.com/culture/culturereviews/magazine/17-10/mf_chanology. Retrieved October 5, 2010.
External links

Look up troll in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.

Wikimedia Commons has media related to: Trolls (Internet)

Wikinews has related news: UK court jails man for trolling online tribute pages

• Usenet and Bulletin Board Abuse at the Open Directory Project
• Article on trolls and the 'art' of trolling by Steve Myers
• What is a troll? from the Straight Dope
• Trolling lore and essays
• Searching for Safety Online: Managing "Trolling" in a Feminist Forum
• Malwebolence – The World of Web Trolling; New York Times Magazine, By Mattathias Schwartz; August 3, 2008.
• The relationship between social context cues and uninhibited verbal behavior in computer-mediated communication
• The Subtle Art of Trolling
• A Discussion on Flaming from New Scientist Technology Blog

#74409 - 01/06/11 10:43 AM Re: Soccer as a Vehicle for Learning Life Lessons [Re: Fred]
aclifton Offline

Registered: 05/30/08
Posts: 330
Loc: Kansas City

What is interesting is that in this particular thread.... you're the troll. smile


Edited by aclifton (01/06/11 10:43 AM)

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